The Unknown Secrets to Timely Mold Exposure Treatment
The most suitable remedy for mold allergy is to keep off the triggers that may cause such allergic reactions. Limiting exposure remains the surest approach to preventing mold allergy. However, molds are nearly everywhere, which means you may not avoid them at all times. All you need is timely access to remedial medications and other interventions that will stop and relieve the symptoms after exposure. The discussion below outlines the various options available for Mold exposure treatment.
The use of nasal corticosteroids: These are nasal sprays that help prevent and treat the inflammation of the nasal mucosa when the mold allergy affects the upper respiratory tract. The hypersensitivity to mold attracts inflammatory mediators such as cytokines and histamines that cause swelling that results in the swelling of nasal nares. The prescription corticosteroid medications for nasal spraying include mometasone (Nasorex), Triamicilone, fluticasone (Xhance), and budesonide (Rhinocort) among others.
Antihistamines can also be used to treat mold allergies effectively. These are medications that help treat runny nose, itching, and sneezing that occurs after mold exposure. Their mode of the action revolves around blocking the histamine. Histamine is a primary inflammatory mediating chemical released by the immune systems to fight allergens in the mold. Antihistamine medications include cetirizine, loratadine (Alavert or Claritin), and fexofenadine (Allegra Allergy). Older histamine blockers such as clemastine work well to date but cause drowsiness.
Nasal decongesting sprays. These are mucolytic agents that act on the mucus that causes stuffiness in the nose. They reduce the thickness of the mucus to create decongestion in the stuffy nostrils. Examples include oxymetazoline (Afrin). Nasal decongestants may have the effects of causing insomnia and headache.
Oral decongestant: these are medications that are taken orally to gain access in the systemic circulation and ultimately relieve nasal congestion. These medications include Drixoral and Sudafed. They have the effects of raising blood pressure hence need to be avoided in patients with a history of hypertension.
Montelukast: This is a single tablet take to help in blocking the effects of leukotrienes. Leukotrienes are immunologic chemicals that cause allergic reactions that lead to excess mucus production. Mucus is produced from the goblet cells in the nasal mucosal, and this is where Montelukast acts. The medication is commonly used to treat asthma but has also been found to be effective in treating mold allergies. It is used in severe cases when nasal corticosteroids have failed to alleviate the mold allergy symptoms.
Immunotherapy: immunotherapy works as the last resort when several other pharmacological interventions are not as effective as needed. The mold exposure causes allergic reactions that are due to hypersensitivity by the immune system to allergens. Suppression of the immune systems can thus be a reliable intervention to alleviate the symptoms in severe cases of mold allergy. Allergy shots can be used in specific mold exposure.
Nasal lavage: doctors may recommend the use of regular use of salt water to rinse the nose to relieve the irritation caused by the mold allergies in the nose. You can use a special bottle included in the sinus rinse kit or saline kit or bulb syringe to irrigate the nose. This home remedy is essential when patients cannot easily access medications or other advanced medical care.
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